China: A Basic Guide For Travellers

China is a country that is rich with history tradition and treasures of early civilization and tradition. And as you’d expect from such as vast country, travellers have a wide range of activities to pursue, from hiking in the mountains to taking a boat ride or simply sampling the local dishes. To put it simply; there is always something for everyone.

Coming up are some of the major attractions in the country sometimes known as the Middle Kingdom:

The Great Wall

This famous structure is made entirely of earth and stones and was built, and subsequently rebuilt, between the 6th and 16th century in an effort to protect the Chinese Empire from invasion by the nomadic tribes from the northern steppe. It is estimated to be approximately 8852 kilometers, the wall comprises of passes, watchtowers, walls, fortresses and castles.

The Yangtze Cruise

This is the longest river in China and the third longest in the world, and cruising along the river is usually a perfect adventure for tourists who enjoy the unfolding scenery from the deck of a boat.

There are several historic sites along the river closely linked with legends and myths that form part of China's rich history. Travellers have an opportunity to see the huge Three Gorges Dam which is the largest hydroelectric power station in the world.

Forbidden City

A World Heritage site since 1987, the Forbidden City exudes an air of grandeur, pomp and wealth that has passed down through the ages. It was closed to the world for about 500 years but is now open to the public making it one of the world’s most popular historical sites.

Tourists travelling to China should consider the following issues:


Bargaining is an important way of Chinese life and helps to create a relationship with the seller and should not be viewed as a price war. It is important for the buyer to establish a friendly rapport first and avoid arguing, pointing or shouting. Being friendly and smiling is considered as more desirable and helps to cement the relationship.


Street crime is not common in China but there is always the possibility of encountering muggers and pickpockets who are likely to work in crowded places. Travellers are advised to keep their pocketbooks, camera and wallets close to their bodies. Female travellers, particularly western looking women, should take extra precautions due to the stereotype created by Hollywood that depicts western women as loose. If you are being harassed simply shout ″Bu″ which is pronounced ″Boo ″. This term means ″No″ and will attract help apart from scaring off the unwanted suitors.


You are likely to be a recipient of enthusiastic calls of ″hello″ from the locals who are usually eager to practice their English on a real foreigner. The best approach is to respond with a friendly ″ni hao″ which means hello.

This is likely to get you many compliments and win you friends instantly. Although shaking hands is now common among urban Chinese men try to avoid the crushing power handshake as most locals will not sure about the pressure, timing and length of the handshake and a firm grip may seem aggressive.

Traditional Chinese greetings appropriate for men and women involves a slight bow or a sharp nod. Observing these simple rules will help you to get along and enjoy your stay in China.

Bio: After reading Rob’s writing you’ll feel like you've known him all his life, and his brutally honest blog posts from all corners of the globe will leave you in no doubt as to how he feels about  travelling. And you can read more from him at